For the first time in history, over half the world’s population lives in urban areas. Opportunities offered by cities appeal and attract people. The countryside, however, is rapidly developing as well. More than ever it has become a place of residence and employment. It accommodates both the urban excess and evolution according to its own logic. The urban denizens find leisure on the countryside while countrymen shift their focus from production to service-related industries. Will these changes leave room for the essential production of our food? Will this occur even more intensively on the countryside or do we have to find room in our cities? The city and the country are closely related and cannot be considered separately.